The only test confirming the diagnosis of prostate cancer – prostate biopsy

Our expert


MD Waldemar Szabłoński

Klinika Urologii Ogólnej, Onkologicznej
i Czynnościowej Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego

Biopsy - the only method to confirm the prostate cancer

We encourage you to do the test: the biopsy lasts about 40 minutes and can confirm the presence of abnormal cancer cells in the early stages of the disease. Detection of prostate cancer before metastasis to other organs gives the possibility of effective therapy.

Prostate biopsy described by professor Piotr Radziszewski and doctor Agnieszka Chomicz

How a biopsy is performed?


The patient should be adequately prepared for biopsy. Before the examination the doctor will make an accurate interview, during which you will be asked about concommitant diseases and medications. One week before the planned procedure the patient, after a consultation with the doctor, should discontinue anticoagulants. It is recommended that the patient before the biopsy should take a medicine with antibacterial activity. All previous examinations results should be brought to the visit.


Prostate biopsy involves taking a dozen or so specimens of this organ with a special pistol ending with a few millimeter needle. The procedure is performed transrectally, under ultrasound guidance and under local anesthesia. Sometimes a biopsy is performed using magnetic resonance images. This is called fusion biopsy.


Why a biopsy? 

Because it allows the collection of prostate cells and their assessment under the microscope / histopathological examination.

Prostate biopsy is not associated with the need for hospitalization of the patient, if local anesthesia is used it is necessary to remain in the medical facility for about 30 minutes after the procedure. Due to the invasive nature of the procedure, the following complications may occur: slight bleeding from the anus and urethra, inflammation of the prostate, fever and urinary retention. Both before and after the biopsy the patient takes an antibiotic for antibacterial prophylaxis.


Elevated PSA level (prostatic-specific antigen)
Irregularities in the rectum examination – palpable nodules
Patologies in prostate magnetic resonance imaging (mp MRI)
Found patologies in transrectal ultrasound
The previous biopsy showed no changes, but the PSA level is elevated
The previous study showed cells of abnormal structure, but these were not malignant lesions

Check yourself!



Every year about 12,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, this cancer does not show any characteristic symptoms at the initial stage



Prostate cancer is the first on the list of the most common cancers in Polish men

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Centrum Medyczne
Św. Jerzego
Polnej Róży 6 lok. U2
02-798 Warszawa